Fatwa n° 994
Category: Fatwas about Family - Marriage Contract – Establishing Marriage Contract
Combining marriage with studying
Is it permissible to marry a girl studying at the university and intends to give up studying but her father refuses that and imposes on the fiancé [to accept his condition] in the marriage contract, knowing that she is about to complete her studies? May Allah reward you.
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessing be upon whom Allah sent as a mercy to the Worlds, upon his Family, his Companions and his Brothers until the Day of Resurrection:
It is permissible to establish the marriage contract with a woman or even have sexual intercourse with her [after concluding the contract] while observing the guardian’s stipulation till she finishes her studying, provided that she acts and wears according to the Islamic standards when she goes out, and her studies has to be void of religious prohibitions(1). Given these points, there is no contradiction between marriage and studying because of the possibility of combining the two things in order to to achieve marriage interests according to the hadith of the Prophet صلى اللهُ عليه وآله وسَلَّم: “Ô young people! Whoever among you can afford marriage, should marry, because it helps him to lower his gaze and guard his chastity (i.e. his private parts from committing unlawful sexual intercourse etc.)”(2).
The perfect knowledge belongs to Allah عزَّ وجلَّ; and our last prayer is all the praises and thanks are to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and prayers of Allah are to Muhammad and his Family, Companions and Brothers until the Day of Resurrection.
Algiers on: Rabî‘ Al-Awwal the 19th, 1430 H
Corresponding to March the 16th, 2009 G.
(1) This if her studies are void of the sinful coeducation (mixing with men). But if the condition [made by the guardian] is established on mixed studies; then, see the fatwa n° 976 that is entitled: “The non-effect of the false condition on the implementation of the contract”.
(2) Reported by Al-Bukhârî (5066) and by Muslim (1400), from the hadith of ‘Abd Allâh Ibn Mas‘ûd رضي الله عنه.